A beginning investor may buy their first mutual fund to start saving for retirement, while a large investment firm might use the same mutual fund in a portfolio of funds for a major client, such as a wealthy trust client or an endowment fund used by a major university or non-profit organization. There’s no doubt that mutual funds are here to stay for many more years and decades to come. With trillions of dollars invested in mutual funds in the U.S. alone, and popularity increasing in emerging markets like India, there’s no reason to expect this versatile investment type will do anything but gain in popularity in the future.
Simplicity: Mutual Funds Are Easy to Understand, Anything can be made into something more complex than it needs to be and mutual funds are no exception to this truth. However, mutual funds require no experience or knowledge of economics, financial statements, or financial markets to be a successful investor. For beginners, here is a simple definition of mutual fund: A mutual fund is an investment security type that enables investors to pool their money together into one professionally managed investment. Mutual funds can invest in stocks, bonds, cash and/or other assets. These underlying security types, called holdings combine to form one mutual fund, also called a portfolio.
Other Types of Mutual Funds: Index Funds. Today, not all funds are managed by a financial manager. Index funds use a computer program to buy all of the stock in a particular index, such as the Russell 3000 or the S&P 500, regardless of how they’re performing. They don’t have to do research or try to time the movement in the market to buy or sell at the ”right” time. Index fund fees, therefore, are generally much lower than the fees for managed funds, and, therefore, the return on investment is higher.
Choose Wisely When choosing mutual funds for your portfolio, do your homework. Review each fund’s fees and individual asset allocation to make sure you’re choosing a fund that fits your investment goals and risk tolerance. Also, consider a fund’s performance. While past history doesn’t guarantee future results, it’s also wide to look at how much a fund has gained or lost in the past.
There are many reasons to buy a mutual fund, including diversification, systematic investing and accessibility. We narrowed down the many benefits of mutual funds to 10 reasons these investment securities can be smart tools for your financial objectives. Mutual Funds Offer Diversification. Diversification may be the greatest benefit of mutual funds. The beauty of investing in mutual funds is that you can buy one fund and obtain instant access to hundreds of individual stocks or bonds. Otherwise, in order to diversify your portfolio, you might have to buy individual securities, which exposes you to more potential volatility.