The reason why diversification is important is that investing in just one or two securities can be too risky. For example, if an investor buys just a few stocks and those stocks see significant declines in price over a short period of time, the investor’s portfolio can drop dramatically in value. But if the investor buys a mutual fund that holds 100 stocks, and a few of those stocks see price declines, the impact on the investor’s account value is less.
What Makes Mutual Funds Good Investment Options. Mutual funds are one of the most highly utilized investment options among average investors and financial professionals alike. But why is investing in a mutual fund a good idea? While some mutual funds are objectively better investment than others (and even others that serve very specific investment needs), what mutual funds grant investors access to is perhaps the most important benefit.
Frugality: Mutual Funds Cost Less to Manage Than Other Portfolio Types, Costs as a percentage of assets in the portfolio are usually lower for an actively-managed mutual fund when compared to an actively-managed portfolio of individual securities. When you add up transaction costs, annual fees paid to a brokerage firm, and the cost for research tools or investment advice, mutual funds are less expensive than the typical portfolio of stocks. Other variables influence the cost of managing a portfolio, such as the amount of trading activity, the size of transaction, and taxes.
Other Types of Mutual Funds: Index Funds. Today, not all funds are managed by a financial manager. Index funds use a computer program to buy all of the stock in a particular index, such as the Russell 3000 or the S&P 500, regardless of how they’re performing. They don’t have to do research or try to time the movement in the market to buy or sell at the ”right” time. Index fund fees, therefore, are generally much lower than the fees for managed funds, and, therefore, the return on investment is higher.
Mutual Funds are Professionally Managed. Many investors don’t have the resources or the time to buy individual stocks. This is where professional management is valuable. Investing in individual securities, such as stocks, not only takes resources but a considerable amount of time. By contrast, mutual fund managers and analysts wake up each morning dedicating their professional lives to researching and analyzing current and potential holdings for their mutual fund.
Mutual Funds Have High Sales Charges. Should a sales charge be included in the disadvantages of mutual funds list? It’s difficult to justify paying a sales charge when you have a plethora of no-load mutual funds. But, then again, it’s difficult to say that a sales charge is a disadvantage of mutual funds when you have thousands of mutual fund options that do not have sales charges. Sales charges are too broad to be included on my list of disadvantages of mutual funds.
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