The process of buying a mutual fund can be done over the phone, online, or in person if you are dealing with a financial representative. To place an order, you would indicate how much money you want to invest and what mutual fund you want to purchase. Whichever mutual fund you select, the price you pay for the shares will be determined by the closing share price at the end of that day.
Frugality: Mutual Funds Cost Less to Manage Than Other Portfolio Types, Costs as a percentage of assets in the portfolio are usually lower for an actively-managed mutual fund when compared to an actively-managed portfolio of individual securities. When you add up transaction costs, annual fees paid to a brokerage firm, and the cost for research tools or investment advice, mutual funds are less expensive than the typical portfolio of stocks. Other variables influence the cost of managing a portfolio, such as the amount of trading activity, the size of transaction, and taxes.
Mutual Funds Are Accessible. Many mutual fund companies allow investors to get started in a mutual fund with as little as $1,000. Schwab’s mutual fund family has a minimum of $100 for many of their mutual funds. And since mutual funds can be easily traded, the combination of low cost and ease of use makes them accessible. Systematic Investing and Withdrawals with Mutual Funds. It’s simple to take advantage of systematic investing with mutual funds. Many mutual fund companies allow investors to invest as little as $50 per month directly into a mutual fund. Money can be pulled directly from a bank account and invested directly in the mutual fund. On the other hand, money can be regularly withdrawn from a mutual fund and be deposited into a bank account. There are generally no fees for this service.
Variety: Mutual Funds Come In Many Different Categories and Types. As you grow your portfolio of mutual funds, you will want to diversify into various mutual fund categories and types. You can invest in mutual funds that cover the main asset classes (stocks, bonds, cash) and various sub-categories or you can even venture into specialized areas, such as sector funds or precious metals funds. Affordability: Mutual Funds Have Low Minimums, Most mutual funds have minimum initial investment requirements of $3,000 or less. In many cases, if the investor initiates a systematic investment program, where they have a fixed dollar amount or fixed number of shares purchased once per month, the initial investment can be as low as $1,000.
In a mutual fund, the value of your shares goes up and down as the value of the stocks and bonds in the fund rise and fall. For the average investor to have the same exposure to those investment options and potential profits on their own would be extremely costly both in terms of the actual investment dollars and in terms of time. Additionally, investing in a mutual fund is generally a cost-effective way to gain access to professional money management. Were you to try and invest in individual securities and actively manage them the way a mutual fund’s manager does, it could very easily become a full-time job. In order to make wise investment decisions when you buy individual stocks and bonds yourself, at the very least you’d have to have the knowledge to do extensive research on various types of businesses in general (automobile, construction, medical) and on specific companies (GE, IBM, Microsoft).
Since most investors are buying mutual funds for the long-term, and most are moderate investors that want to take some risk to get higher returns (but not a high level of risk) we’ll focus on building a portfolio for this investment objective (long-term, medium risk). Here are some of the best funds to start a long-term portfolio:
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