What Makes Mutual Funds Good Investment Options. Mutual funds are one of the most highly utilized investment options among average investors and financial professionals alike. But why is investing in a mutual fund a good idea? While some mutual funds are objectively better investment than others (and even others that serve very specific investment needs), what mutual funds grant investors access to is perhaps the most important benefit.
Knowing Your Risk Tolerance. Before choosing funds, it’s important to know your risk tolerance—a measure of the level of fluctuation (a.k.a. volatility—ups and downs) or market risk to which you’re willing to subject your portfolio. If you are just getting started investing with mutual funds, or if you get highly anxious when your $10,000 account value falls by 10 percent (to $9,000) in a one-year period, your risk tolerance is relatively low—high-risk investments probably aren’t for you. You might consider starting with a balanced or ”hybrid” fund.
Getting Started. Investing begins before buying the first mutual fund (or prior to buying the next one). If you’re investing independent of a financial advisor, ask yourself a few questions: What do you hope to accomplish with your savings? A secure retirement? Accumulation of wealth for strengthening your financial security? What is your time horizon? One year? Five years? 10 years?
How Do I Buy a Mutual Fund? Mutual funds are primarily bought in dollar amounts unlike stocks, which are bought in shares. Mutual funds can be purchased directly from a mutual fund company, a bank, or a brokerage firm. Before you can start investing, you’ll need to have an account with one of these institutions prior to placing an order. A mutual fund will be either a “load” or “no-load” fund, which is financial lingo for either paying a commission or not paying a commission. If you are using an investment professional to assist you, you will likely need to pay a load.
Opening an Account to Buy Mutual Funds. If you don’t already have an investment account at a brokerage firm or mutual fund company, you’ll need to open one before you’re ready to make your first purchase. Opening an account doesn’t require money; all you need to do is choose the company where you’ll invest and follow their procedures.