Since most investors are buying mutual funds for the long-term, and most are moderate investors that want to take some risk to get higher returns (but not a high level of risk) we’ll focus on building a portfolio for this investment objective (long-term, medium risk). Here are some of the best funds to start a long-term portfolio:
When you can keep expenses low, and buy quality funds at the same time, your long-term returns are likely to be superior.
Once you know your investment objective, which will include the number of years to invest and how much risk you’re willing to take, you can choose the best mutual fund or funds for you. And depending upon the types of mutual funds you use, the ongoing maintenance required may be little to nothing. Mutual Funds Offer Professional Management. One of the primary reasons investing mutual funds is easy is because they’re professionally managed. Rather than researching, analyzing, buying and selling stocks or bonds yourself, you have a skilled money manager doing it for you. Professional management is at the core of how mutual funds work: When investors buy shares of mutual funds, they’re pooling their money together. Managers use this pool of money to buy the stocks or bond securities that end up forming one portfolio.
Equity and fixed-income funds have subcategories which allow an investor to cast a narrow net with their investment dollars. For example, an equity fund investor might invest in a technology fund that only invests in eco-friendly technology companies. Likewise, a bond fund investor who is seeking current income might invest in a government securities fund that only invests in government securities. A so-called balanced fund is a mutual fund that owns both stocks and bonds.
Opening an investment account is incredibly easy at most mutual fund companies. The easiest way to open an account is online. Information required will include things you already know, such as your name, address, date of birth, and social security number. You’ll also need to know which type of account is best for your investing needs. Here are the basic account types and how they work: Individual Brokerage Account: This is a regular brokerage account established for an individual (one person). Contributions are not tax-deductible, and investors pay taxes on capital gains and dividends. For more on this, see this article on taxation of mutual funds.