If you’re new to investing, you might be wary of buying individual stocks. Mutual funds offer an alternative way to build your portfolio. But just what are they? Mutual funds offer a way for a group of investors to effectively pool their money so they can invest in a wider variety of investment vehicles and take advantage of professional money management through the purchase of one mutual fund share. When you buy a mutual fund share, you’re investing in stocks, bonds and other securities that are held within the fund.
Saving for Your Initial Mutual Fund Purchase. Most mutual funds have what’s called a minimum initial purchase, which is the amount you’ll need to have saved prior to buying shares of your first fund. Most mutual fund companies have minimum initial purchase amounts of at least $1,000. For example, most of Vanguard’s mutual funds have a minimum initial purchase requirement of $3,000. Fidelity funds are typically at $2,500. However, once you make your first purchase, subsequent purchases of the same fund are usually as low as $100.
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Since most investors are buying mutual funds for the long-term, and most are moderate investors that want to take some risk to get higher returns (but not a high level of risk) we’ll focus on building a portfolio for this investment objective (long-term, medium risk). Here are some of the best funds to start a long-term portfolio:
Frugality: Mutual Funds Cost Less to Manage Than Other Portfolio Types, Costs as a percentage of assets in the portfolio are usually lower for an actively-managed mutual fund when compared to an actively-managed portfolio of individual securities. When you add up transaction costs, annual fees paid to a brokerage firm, and the cost for research tools or investment advice, mutual funds are less expensive than the typical portfolio of stocks. Other variables influence the cost of managing a portfolio, such as the amount of trading activity, the size of transaction, and taxes.
What Makes Mutual Funds Good Investment Options. Mutual funds are one of the most highly utilized investment options among average investors and financial professionals alike. But why is investing in a mutual fund a good idea? While some mutual funds are objectively better investment than others (and even others that serve very specific investment needs), what mutual funds grant investors access to is perhaps the most important benefit.