Saving for Your Initial Mutual Fund Purchase. Most mutual funds have what’s called a minimum initial purchase, which is the amount you’ll need to have saved prior to buying shares of your first fund. Most mutual fund companies have minimum initial purchase amounts of at least $1,000. For example, most of Vanguard’s mutual funds have a minimum initial purchase requirement of $3,000. Fidelity funds are typically at $2,500. However, once you make your first purchase, subsequent purchases of the same fund are usually as low as $100.
If you’re a bit more experienced in investing or are fortunate enough to have a bit of money to ”play around with” for a while, a somewhat more aggressive approach might be right down your alley. Determining Asset Allocation. Once level of risk tolerance is determined, consider your desired asset allocation—the mix of investment assets (stocks, bonds, and cash) comprising your portfolio. The proper asset allocation will reflect your level of risk tolerance: aggressive (high tolerance for risk), moderate (medium risk tolerance) or conservative (low risk tolerance).
Perhaps the greatest benefits of buying mutual funds are that they are simple enough for beginning investors to buy and manage but they are also powerful and productive enough for even the most seasoned of investors. This guide will walk you through the purchase of your first fund to building a complete portfolio of mutual funds. Choosing the Place to Buy Mutual Funds. Although you can buy mutual funds through a discount broker, such as Charles Schwab or Scottrade, the best way to buy mutual funds is through a mutual fund company. But you don’t want to start with just any mutual fund company; you’ll want to do a bit of research to find a reputable firm that has a broad selection of low-cost, high-quality mutual funds.
The Basics of Mutual Fund Taxation
Frugality: Mutual Funds Cost Less to Manage Than Other Portfolio Types, Costs as a percentage of assets in the portfolio are usually lower for an actively-managed mutual fund when compared to an actively-managed portfolio of individual securities. When you add up transaction costs, annual fees paid to a brokerage firm, and the cost for research tools or investment advice, mutual funds are less expensive than the typical portfolio of stocks. Other variables influence the cost of managing a portfolio, such as the amount of trading activity, the size of transaction, and taxes.