Basic Types and Categories of Mutual Funds
Once you know your investment objective, which will include the number of years to invest and how much risk you’re willing to take, you can choose the best mutual fund or funds for you. And depending upon the types of mutual funds you use, the ongoing maintenance required may be little to nothing. Mutual Funds Offer Professional Management. One of the primary reasons investing mutual funds is easy is because they’re professionally managed. Rather than researching, analyzing, buying and selling stocks or bonds yourself, you have a skilled money manager doing it for you. Professional management is at the core of how mutual funds work: When investors buy shares of mutual funds, they’re pooling their money together. Managers use this pool of money to buy the stocks or bond securities that end up forming one portfolio.
Investing in Mutual Funds Is Easy. Putting together a portfolio of stocks and bonds can be difficult, if not impossible, for the average investor. For example, the time and knowledge required to research and analyze a dozen or more stocks can be too challenging for most people. That’s not to mention all the trades needed to build the portfolio, plus the ongoing research and analysis required to maintain the portfolio. But when it comes to investing in mutual funds, investors can get started investing with just one mutual fund.
If you’re new to investing, you might be wary of buying individual stocks. Mutual funds offer an alternative way to build your portfolio. But just what are they? Mutual funds offer a way for a group of investors to effectively pool their money so they can invest in a wider variety of investment vehicles and take advantage of professional money management through the purchase of one mutual fund share. When you buy a mutual fund share, you’re investing in stocks, bonds and other securities that are held within the fund.
Investors Can Buy Many Different Types of Mutual Funds. Investment objectives are unique to every investor, which means that there are many different reasons to buy mutual funds. Fortunately, there are several categories of funds that can suit any investment need. Some of the most common investment objectives include retirement and education, each of which may require different funds to suit the needs of the investor. Target retirement funds are good examples of low-cost, diversified funds tailored to meet a variety of time horizons. This category of funds will invest in other mutual funds that combine to be suitable for a certain age range of investor. Target retirement funds are categorized by decade. For example, a 25-year old investor may expect to retire in 35 to 45 years. Therefore a fund like Vanguard Target Retirement 2050 (VFIFX) can work well in a 401(k) or IRA for this investor.