While it can be confusing, the answers to the following three questions will help you navigate the mutual fund waters—from how they work to how to add them to your investment portfolio. What Is a Mutual Fund? For all intents and purposes, mutual funds serve as an alternative for investors who can’t afford an individually managed account. Mutual funds are formed when investors with smaller amounts of capital, pool their money together and then hire a portfolio manager to run the consolidated pool’s portfolio—subsequently buying different stocks, bonds, or other securities in a manner consistent with the fund’s prospectus. Each investor then receives their respective piece of the pie while sharing the expenses, which show up in something called the mutual fund expense ratio.
The mutual fund then passes along the profits (and losses) of those investments to its shareholders. So if a mutual fund does well, you benefit. But, they’re not risk-free. Read on to learn more about how mutual funds work.
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So in preparation for making the first purchase of a mutual fund, you’ll need to save enough to cover the minimum.
Once you know your investment objective, which will include the number of years to invest and how much risk you’re willing to take, you can choose the best mutual fund or funds for you. And depending upon the types of mutual funds you use, the ongoing maintenance required may be little to nothing. Mutual Funds Offer Professional Management. One of the primary reasons investing mutual funds is easy is because they’re professionally managed. Rather than researching, analyzing, buying and selling stocks or bonds yourself, you have a skilled money manager doing it for you. Professional management is at the core of how mutual funds work: When investors buy shares of mutual funds, they’re pooling their money together. Managers use this pool of money to buy the stocks or bond securities that end up forming one portfolio.
Retirement is generally considered a long-term investment objective. But there are mutual fund types, such as money market funds or bond funds, that are suitable for most short-term needs. Investors may also combine types of funds to tailor more specific investment objectives. Mutual Funds Are Versatile Enough to be Used By All Types of Investors. All of the advantages of mutual funds mentioned in this article combine into one advantage of flexibility. They’re simple enough to be understood and used by beginners but versatile enough to be used by professional money managers, who often use them to build portfolios for clients.