These include: Attention Bias: There is evidence suggesting that people will invest in companies that are in the headlines, even if lesser known companies offer the promise of better returns. Who among us hasn’t invested in Apple or Amazon, simply because we know all about them? National Bias: An American is going to invest in American companies, even if stocks overseas offer better returns. Underdiversification: There is a tendency for investors to feel more comfortable holding a relatively small number of stocks in their portfolio, even if wider diversification would make them more money.
Cockiness: Investors want to believe they are good at what they do. They aren’t likely to change investment strategies, because they have confidence in themselves and their approach. Similarly, when things go well, they are likely to take credit when it fact their good results come from outside factors or sheer luck.
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You’ll be charged a finance charge whenever: the transaction isn’t made under a 0% interest promotion you had a balance at the beginning of the billing cycle the transaction doesn’t receive a grace period, usually cash advances. Any billing errors that you’ve disputed in writing won’t be assessed a finance charge while your credit card issuer investigates your dispute.
Finance Charges You Can’t Avoid. You’ll typically only get a grace period when your previous balance was paid in full and you started the billing cycle with a zero balance. If you had a balance at the beginning of the billing cycle, you may not be able to avoid a finance charge. You will have to bring your balance to $0 before the grace period applies again.
There is no rational explanation for these occurrences, but they can be explained by human behavior. Consider the so-called, “January effect” which suggests that many stocks outperform during the first month of the year. There is no conventional model that predicts this, but studies show that stocks surge in January because investors sold off stocks before the end of the year for tax reasons.