While it can be confusing, the answers to the following three questions will help you navigate the mutual fund waters—from how they work to how to add them to your investment portfolio. What Is a Mutual Fund? For all intents and purposes, mutual funds serve as an alternative for investors who can’t afford an individually managed account. Mutual funds are formed when investors with smaller amounts of capital, pool their money together and then hire a portfolio manager to run the consolidated pool’s portfolio—subsequently buying different stocks, bonds, or other securities in a manner consistent with the fund’s prospectus. Each investor then receives their respective piece of the pie while sharing the expenses, which show up in something called the mutual fund expense ratio.
Building Your Portfolio. Building a mutual fund portfolio is similar to building a house: Many different strategies, designs, tools and building materials exist, and may be applied; but each structure shares some basic features. To build the best mutual funds portfolio, go beyond the sage advice, ”Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.” A structure designed to withstand the test of time requires smart design, a strong foundation and a simple combination of mutual funds that works well for your needs.
Investing in Mutual Funds Is Easy. Putting together a portfolio of stocks and bonds can be difficult, if not impossible, for the average investor. For example, the time and knowledge required to research and analyze a dozen or more stocks can be too challenging for most people. That’s not to mention all the trades needed to build the portfolio, plus the ongoing research and analysis required to maintain the portfolio. But when it comes to investing in mutual funds, investors can get started investing with just one mutual fund.
The mutual fund then passes along the profits (and losses) of those investments to its shareholders. So if a mutual fund does well, you benefit. But, they’re not risk-free. Read on to learn more about how mutual funds work.
What Makes Mutual Funds Good Investment Options. Mutual funds are one of the most highly utilized investment options among average investors and financial professionals alike. But why is investing in a mutual fund a good idea? While some mutual funds are objectively better investment than others (and even others that serve very specific investment needs), what mutual funds grant investors access to is perhaps the most important benefit.
Perhaps the greatest benefits of buying mutual funds are that they are simple enough for beginning investors to buy and manage but they are also powerful and productive enough for even the most seasoned of investors. This guide will walk you through the purchase of your first fund to building a complete portfolio of mutual funds. Choosing the Place to Buy Mutual Funds. Although you can buy mutual funds through a discount broker, such as Charles Schwab or Scottrade, the best way to buy mutual funds is through a mutual fund company. But you don’t want to start with just any mutual fund company; you’ll want to do a bit of research to find a reputable firm that has a broad selection of low-cost, high-quality mutual funds.