In addition, retirement plans (IRAs, 401ks, etc.) are not impacted by capital gains distributions. There are also strategies to avoid the capital gains distributions including tax-loss harvesting and selling a mutual fund prior to the distribution. Are There Disadvantages of Mutual Funds? Are there disadvantages of mutual funds? Absolutely, there are disadvantages of mutual funds. There are advantages and disadvantages of investing in each and every investment vehicle. However, if you come across a list of the disadvantages of mutual funds, scrutinize each item on the list and determine if it applies as a disadvantage of mutual funds or a disadvantage of a particular mutual fund (or to investment vehicles as a whole regardless of the structure).
Balanced Funds: Also called hybrid funds or asset allocation funds, these are mutual funds that invest in a balanced asset allocation of stocks, bonds, and cash. The allocation usually remains fixed and invests according to a stated investment objective or style. For example, Fidelity Balanced Fund (FBALX) has an approximate asset allocation of 65% stocks and 35% bonds. It considered a medium risk or what industry experts might call a moderate portfolio. Vanguard also has an outstanding index balanced fund, Vanguard Balanced Index (VBINX), which is suitable for investors looking for moderate risk. Balanced funds can be ideal for beginning investors because they are well-diversified and can, therefore, be used as stand-alone investments or as core holdings to begin a larger portfolio.
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Mutual Funds Are Diversified Investments. The nature of mutual funds as pooled investments that are professionally managed means that investors generally can easily accomplish one of the most important standards of smart investing — diversification. To diversify means to spread market risk by holding a variety of several different securities, rather than just a few. Most mutual funds invest in dozens or hundreds of stocks or bonds within one portfolio. Depending upon the type of fund, this accomplishes the fundamentals of diversification with as little as one or two mutual funds. However, when building a portfolio of mutual funds, especially as investment assets and objectives grow more complex over time, investors are smart to diversify across several funds in different categories.
Flexibility: Mutual Funds Have Several Uses and Applications, All of the above benefits of mutual funds overlap into simplicity and flexibility. You can invest in just one fund or invest in a wide variety. Automatic deposit, systematic withdrawal, 401(k) plans, annuity sub-accounts, dividends, short-term savings, long-term savings, and nearly limitless investment strategies make mutual funds the best overall investment type for both beginners and advanced investors.
Once you know your investment objective, which will include the number of years to invest and how much risk you’re willing to take, you can choose the best mutual fund or funds for you. And depending upon the types of mutual funds you use, the ongoing maintenance required may be little to nothing. Mutual Funds Offer Professional Management. One of the primary reasons investing mutual funds is easy is because they’re professionally managed. Rather than researching, analyzing, buying and selling stocks or bonds yourself, you have a skilled money manager doing it for you. Professional management is at the core of how mutual funds work: When investors buy shares of mutual funds, they’re pooling their money together. Managers use this pool of money to buy the stocks or bond securities that end up forming one portfolio.